Condusiv Technologies Blog

Condusiv Technologies Blog

Blogging @Condusiv

The Condusiv blog shares insight into the issues surrounding system and application performance—and how I/O optimization software is breaking new ground in solving those issues.

What Condusiv’s Diskeeper Does for Me

by Tim Warner, Microsoft Cloud & Datacenter MVP 4. November 2019 05:36

I'm a person who uses what he has. For example, my friend Roger purchased a fancy new keyboard, but only uses it on "special occasions" because he wants to keep the hardware in pristine condition. That isn't me--my stuff wears out because I rely on it and use it continuously.

To this point, the storage on my Windows 10 workstation computer takes a heavy beating because I read and write data to my hard drives every single day. I have quite an assortment of fixed drives on this machine:

·         mechanical hard disk drive (HDD)

·         "no moving parts" solid state drive (SSD)

·         hybrid SSD/HDD drive

Today I'd like to share with you some ways that Condusiv’s Diskeeper helps me stay productive. Trust me--I'm no salesperson. Condusiv isn't paying me to write this article. My goal is to share my experience with you so you have something to think about in terms of disk optimization options for your server and workstation storage.

Diskeeper® or SSDKeeper®?

I've used Diskeeper on my servers and workstations since 2000. How time flies! A few years ago it confused me when Condusiv released SSDkeeper, their SSD optimization tool that works by optimizing your data as its written to disk.

Specifically, my confusion lay in the fact you can't have Diskeeper and SSDkeeper installed on the same machine simultaneously. As you saw, I almost always have a mixture of HDD and SSD drives. What am I losing by installing either Diskeeper or SSDkeeper, but not both?

You lose nothing because Diskeeper and SSDkeeper share most of the same features. Diskeeper like SSDkeeper can optimize solid-state disks using IntelliMemory Caching and IntelliWrite, and SSDkeeper like Diskeeper can optimize magnetic disks using Instant Defrag. Both products can automatically determine the storage type and apply the optimal technology.

Thus, your decision of whether to purchase Diskeeper or SSDkeeper is based on which technology the majority of your disks use, either HDD or SSD.

Allow me to explain what those three product features mean in practice:

·         IntelliMemory®: Uses unallocated system random access memory (RAM) for disk read caching

·         IntelliWrite®: Prevents fragmentation in the first place by writing data sequentially to your hard drive as its

created

·         Instant Defrag™: Uses a Windows service to perform "just in time" disk defragmentation

In Diskeeper, click Settings > System > Basic to verify you're taking advantage of these features. I show you the interface in Figure 1.

 

Figure 1. Diskeeper settings.

What about external drives?

In Condusiv's Top FAQs document you'll note that Diskeeper no longer supports external drives. Their justification for this decision is that their customers generally do not use external USB drives for high performance, input/output (I/O) intensive applications.

If you want to run optimization on external drives, you can do that graphically with the Optimize Drives Windows 10 utility, or you can run defrag.exe from an elevated command prompt.

For example, here I am running a fragmentation analysis on my H: volume, an external SATA HDD:

PS C:\users\tim> defrag H: /A

Microsoft Drive Optimizer

Copyright (c) Microsoft Corp.

Invoking analysis on TWARNER1 (H:)...

The operation completed successfully.

Post Defragmentation Report:

         Volume Information:

                Volume size                 = 1.81 TB

                Free space                  = 1.44 TB

                Total fragmented space      = 0%

                Largest free space size     = 1.43 TB

         Note: File fragments larger than 64MB are not included in the fragmentation statistics.

         You do not need to defragment this volume.

PS C:\users\tim>              

Let's look at the numbers!

All Condusiv products make it simple to perform benchmark analyses and run progress reports, and Diskeeper is no exception to this rule. Look at Figure 2--since I rebuilt my Windows 10 workstation and installed Diskeeper in July 2018, I've saved over 20 days of storage I/O time!

Figure 2. Diskeeper dashboard.

Those impressive I/O numbers don't strain credulity when you remember that Diskeeper aggregates I/O values across all my fixed drives, not only one. This time saving is the chief benefit Diskeeper gives me as a working IT professional. The tool gives me back seconds that otherwise I'd spend waiting on disk operations to complete; I then can use that time for productive work instead.

Even more to the point, Diskeeper does this work for me in the background, without my having to remember to run or even schedule defragmentation and optimization jobs. I'm a huge fan of Diskeeper, and I hope you will be.

Recommendation

Condusiv offers a free 30-day trial that you can download and see how much time it can save you:

Diskeeper 30-day trial

SSDkeeper 30-day trial

Note: If you have a virtual environment, you can download a 30-day trial of Condusiv’s V-locity (you can also see my review of V-locity 7).

 

Timothy Warner is a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) in Cloud and Datacenter Management who is based in Nashville, TN. His professional specialties include Microsoft Azure, cross-platform PowerShell, and all things Windows Server-related. You can reach Tim via Twitter (@TechTrainerTim), LinkedIn or his website, techtrainertim.com.

  

Do I Really Need V-locity on All VMs?

by Rick Cadruvi, Chief Architect 15. August 2019 04:12

V-locity® customers may wonder, “How many VMs do I need to install V-locity on for optimal results? What kind of benefits will I see with V-locity on one or two VMs versus all the VMs on a host?” 

As a refresher…

It is true that V-locity will likely provide significant benefit on that one VM.  It may even be extraordinary.  But loading V-locity on just one VM on a host with sometimes dozens of VMs won’t give you the biggest bang for your buck. V-locity includes many technologies that address storage performance issues in an extremely intelligent manner.  Part of the underlying design is to learn about the specific loads your system has and intelligently adapt to each specific environment presented to it.   That’s why we created V-locity especially for virtual environments in the first place. 

As you have experienced, the beauty of V-locity is its ability to deal with the I/O Blender Effect.  When there are multiple VMs on a host, or multiple hosts with VMs that use the same back-end storage system (e.g., a SAN) a “blender” effect occurs when all these VMs are sending I/O requests up and down the stack.  As you can guess, it can create huge performance bottlenecks. In fact, perhaps the most significant issue that virtualized environments face is the fact that there are MANY performance chokepoints in the ecosystem, especially the storage subsystem.  These chokepoints are robbing 30-50% of your throughput.  This is the dark side of virtualized systems. 

Look at it this way.  VM “A” may have different resource requirements than VM “B” and so on.  Besides performing different tasks with different workloads, they may have different peak usage periods.  What happens when those peaks overlap?  Worse yet, what happens if several of your VMs have very similar resource requirements and workloads that constantly overlap? 

 

The answer is that the I/O Blender Effect takes over and now VM “A” is competing directly with VM “B” and VM “C” and so on.  The blender pours all those resource desires into a funnel, creating bottlenecks with unpredictable performance results.  What is predictable is that performance will suffer, and likely a LOT.

V-locity was designed from the ground up to intelligently deal with these core issues.  The guiding question in front of us as it was being designed and engineered, was: 

Given your workload and resources, how can V-locity help you overcome the I/O Blender Effect? 

By making sure that V-locity will adapt to your specific workload and having studied what kinds of I/Os amplify the I/O Blender Effect, we were able to add intelligence to specifically go after those I/Os.  We take a global view.  We aren’t limited to a specific application or workload.  While we do have technologies that shine under certain workloads, such as transactional SQL applications, our goal is to optimize the entire ecosystem.  That’s the only way to overcome the I/O Blender Effect.

So, while we can indeed give you great gains on a single VM, V-locity truly gets to shine and show off its purpose when it can intelligently deal with the chokepoints that create the I/O Blender Effect.  That means you should add V-locity to ALL your VMs.  With our no-reboot installation and a V-locity Management Console, it’s fast and easy to cover and manage your environment.

If you have V-locity on all the VMs on your host(s), let us know how it is going! If you don’t yet, contact your account manager who can get you set up!

For an in-depth refresher,  watch our 10-min whiteboard video

 

SQL Server Database Performance

by Dawn Richcreek 15. March 2019 07:42

How do I get the most performance from my SQL Server?

SQL Server applications are typically the most I/O intensive applications for any enterprise and thus are prone to suffer performance degradation. Anything a database administrator can do to reduce the amount of I/O necessary to complete a task will increase the server’s performance of the application.

Excess and noisy I/O has typically been found to be the root cause of numerous SQL performance problems such as:SQL Server

  • -SQL query timeouts
  • -SQL crashes
  • -SQL latency
  • -Slow data transfers
  • -Slow or sluggish SQL based-applications
  • -Reports taking too long
  • -Back office batch jobs bleeding over into production hours
  • -User complaints; users having to wait for data

 

Some of the most common actions DBAs often resort to are:

  • -Tuning queries to minimize the amount of data returned.
  • -Adding extra spindles or flash for performance
  • -Increased RAM
  • -Index maintenance to improve read and/or write performance.

 

Most performance degradation is a software problem that can be solved by software

None of these actions will prevent hardware bottlenecks that occur due to the FACT that 30-40% of performance is being robbed by small, fractured, random I/O being generated due to the Windows operating system (that is, any Windows operating system, including Windows 10 or Windows Server 2019).

 

Two Server I/O Inefficiencies



IO StreamAs the storage layer has been logically separated from the compute layer and more systems are being virtualized, Windows handles I/O logically rather than physically which means it breaks down reads and writes to their lowest common denominator, creating tiny, fractured, random I/O that creates a “noisy” environment that becomes even worse in a virtual environment due to the “I/O blender effect”.



IO StreamThis is what a healthy I/O stream SHOULD look like in order to get optimum performance from your hardware infrastructure. With a nice healthy relationship between I/O and data, you get clean contiguous writes and reads with every I/O operation.

 

 

 

 

 

Return Optimum Performance – Solve the Root Cause, Instantly

 

Condusiv®’s patented solutions address root cause performance issues at the point of origin where I/O is created by ensuring large, clean contiguous writes from Windows to eliminate the “death by a thousand cuts” scenario of many small writes and reads that chew up performance. Condusiv solutions electrify performance of windows servers even further with the addition of DRAM caching – using idle, unused DRAM to serve hot reads without creating an issue of memory contention or resource starvation. Condusiv’s “Set It and Forget It” software optimizes both writes and reads to solve your toughest application performance challenges Video: Condusiv I/O Reduction Software Overview.

 

Lab Test Results with V-locity I/O reduction software installed

labtest 

 

Best Practice Tips to Boost SQL Performance with V-locity

 

 

By following the best practices outlined here, users can achieve a 2X or faster boost in MS-SQL performance with Condusiv’s V-locity® I/O reduction software.

-Provision an additional 4-16GB of memory to the SQL Server if you have additional memory to give 

-Cap MS-SQL memory usage, leaving the additional memory for the OS and our software. Note - Condusiv software will leverage whatever is unused by the OS 

-If no additional memory to add, cap SQL memory usage leaving 8GB for the OS and our software Note – This may not achieve 2X gains but will likely boost performance 30-50% as SQL is highly inefficient with its memory usage

-Download and install the software – condusiv.com/try. No SQL code changes needed. No reboot required. Note - Allow 24 hours for algorithms to adjust.

-After a few days in production, pull up the dashboard and look for a 50% reduction in I/O traffic to storage

Note – if offloading less than 50% of I/O traffic, consider adding more memory for the software to leverage and watch the benefit rise on read heavy apps.

Can you relate? 906 IT Pros Talk About I/O Performance, Application Troubles and More

by Dawn Richcreek 8. January 2019 03:44

We just completed our 5th annual I/O Performance Survey that was conducted with 906 IT Professionals. This is the industry’s largest study of its kind and the research highlights the latest trends in applications that are driving performance demands and how IT Professionals are responding.

I/O Growth Continues to Outpace Expectations

The results show that organizations are struggling to get the full lifecycle from their backend storage as the growth of I/O continues to outpace expectations. The research also shows that IT Pros continue to struggle with user complaints related to sluggish performance from their I/O intensive applications, especially citing MS-SQL applications.

Comprehensive Research Data

The survey consists of 27 detailed questions designed to identify the impact of I/O growth in the modern IT environment. In addition to multiple choice questions, the survey included optional open responses, allowing a respondent to provide commentary on why they selected a particular answer.  All the individual responses have been included to help readers dive deeply on any question. The full report is available at https://learn.condusiv.com/2019-IO-Performance-Study.html

Summary of Key Findings 

1.    I/O Performance is important to IT Pros: The vast majority of IT Pros consider I/O Performance an important part of their job responsibilities. Over a third of these note that growth of I/O from applications is outpacing the useful lifecycle they expect from their underlying storage. 

2.    Application performance is suffering: Half of the IT Pros responsible for I/O performance cite they currently have applications that are tough to support from a systems performance standpoint. The toughest applications stated were: SQL, SAP, Custom/Proprietary apps, Oracle, ERP, Exchange, Database, Data Warehouse, Dynamics, SharePoint, and EMR/EHR. See page 20 for a word cloud graphic. 

3.    SQL is the top troublesome application: The survey confirms that SQL databases are the top business critical application platform and is also the environment that generates the most storage I/O traffic. Nearly a third of the IT Pros responsible for I/O performance state that they are currently experiencing staff/customer complaints due to sluggish applications running on SQL. 

4.    Buying hardware has not solved the performance problems: Nearly three-fourths of IT Pros have added new hardware to improve I/O performance. They have purchased new servers with more cores, new all-flash arrays, new hybrid arrays, server-side SSDs, etc. and yet they still have concerns. In fact, a third have performance concerns that are preventing them from scaling their virtualized infrastructures.  

5.    Still planning to buy hardware: About three-fourths of IT Pros are still planning to continue to invest in hardware to improve I/O performance. 

6.    Lack of awareness: Over half of respondents were unaware of the fact that Windows write inefficiencies generate increasingly smaller writes and reads that dampen performance and that this is a software problem that is not solved by adding new hardware. 

7.    Improve performance via software to avoid expensive hardware purchase: The vast majority of respondents felt it would be urgent/important to improve the performance of their applications via an inexpensive I/O reduction software and avoid an expensive forklift upgrade to their compute, network or storage layers. 

Most Difficult to Support Applications

Below is a word cloud representing hundreds of answers to visually show the application environments IT Pros are having the most trouble to support from a performance standpoint. I think you can see the big ones that pop out!

The full report is available at https://learn.condusiv.com/2019-IO-Performance-Study.html

 

The Simple Software Answer

As much as organizations continue to reactively respond to performance challenges by purchasing expensive new server and storage hardware, our V-locity® I/O reduction software offers a far more efficient path by guaranteeing to solve the toughest application performance challenges on I/O intensive systems like MS-SQL. This means organizations are able to offload 50% of I/O traffic from storage that is nothing but mere noise chewing up IOPS and dampening performance. As soon as we open up 50% of that bandwidth to storage, sluggish performance disappears and now there’s far more storage IOPS to be used for other things.

In just 2 minutes, learn more about how V-locity I/O reduction software eliminates the two big I/O inefficiencies in a virtual environment 2-min Video: Condusiv® I/O Reduction Software Overview

Try it for yourself, download our free 30-day trial – no reboot required

 

Finance Company Deploys V-locity I/O Reduction Software for Blazing Fast VDI

by Dawn Richcreek 27. November 2018 05:27

When the New Mexico Mortgage Finance Authority decided to better support their users by moving away from using physical PCs and migrating to a virtual desktop infrastructure, the challenge was to ensure the fastest possible user experience from their Horizon View VDI implementation.

“Anytime an organization starts talking about VDI, the immediate concern in the IT shop is how well we will be able to support it from a performance standpoint to ensure a pristine end user experience. Although supported by EMC VNXe flash storage with high IOPS, one of our primary concerns had to do with Windows write inefficiencies that chews up a large percentage of flash IOPS unnecessarily. When you’re rolling out a VDI initiative, the one thing you can’t afford to waste is IOPS,” said Joseph Navarrete, CIO, MFA.

After Joseph turned to Condusiv’s “Set-It-and-Forget-It®” V-locity® I/O reduction software and bumped up the memory allocation for his VDI instances, V-locity was able to offload 40% of I/O from storage resulting in a much faster VDI experience to his users. When he demo’d V-locity on his MS-SQL server instances, V-locity eliminated 39% of his read I/O traffic from storage due to DRAM read caching and another 40% of write I/O operations by solving Windows write inefficiencies at the source.

After seeing the performance boost and increased efficiency to his hardware stack, Joseph ensured V-locity was running across all his systems like MS-Exchange, SharePoint, and more.

“With V-locity I/O reduction software running on our VDI instances, users no longer have to wait extra time. The same is now true for our other mission critical applications like MS-SQL. The dashboard within the V-locity UI provides all the necessary analytics about our environment and view into what the software is actually doing for us. The fact that all of this runs quietly in the background with near-zero overhead impact and no longer requires a reboot to install or upgrade makes the software truly “set and forget,” said Navarrete.

 

Read the full case study                        Download 30-day trial

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